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Jacobian matrix
A Jacobian matrix, sometimes simply called a Jacobian, is a matrix of first order partial derivatives (in some cases, the term "Jacobian" also refers to the determinant of the Jacobian matrix). For a function, the 
Elementary algebra
See also the Wikipedia article: Elementary algebra Elementary algebra consists largely of a review of the rules of arithmetic applied to variable expressions, including the rewriting of such expressions into simplest form, along with the 
Proof: Pi is Constant
, defined as the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter, is constant. That is, it does not vary given circles of differing size. This claim is equivalent to saying "all circles are 
Greek alphabet
The Greek alphabet is used extensively in mathematics and the physical sciences to stand for well known constants, variables, functions, and so forth. Because many of the uppercase (or capital, or majuscule) Greek letters are 
Euler's number
e is a number commonly used as base in logarithmic and exponential functions. The letter e in mathematics usually stands for the socalled "natural base" for logarithms and exponential functions. 
E
E, in capitalized form, and e in lowercase, is the fifth letter of the Latinbased alphabet systems, including English. It has several meanings in mathematics. In Euclidean Geometry: 
Intermediate algebra
Intermediate algebra is the next level of algebra after elementary algebra. At the secondary school level, typically one year is devoted to each of these courses, resulting in a twoyear algebra sequence. This is 
Shape
Shape is another name for a geometrical figure. Some shapes are twodimensional and others are threedimensional. Shapes can have sides from 3  âˆž 
Cofactor matrix
The cofactor matrix (denoted by cof) is the matrix created from the determinants of the matrices not part of a given element's row and column. For example, Notice that the elements of the matrix 
Unit circle
This algebrarelated article contains minimal information concerning its topic. You can help the Mathematics Wikia by adding to it. 
Uniform cost search
Uniform cost search is a tree search algorithm related to breadthfirst search. Whereas breadthfirst search determines a path to the goal state that has the least number of edges, uniform cost search determines 
Outer product
The outer product (denoted as âŠ—) of two vectors is a special form of the tensor product or Kronecker product where v represents the conjugate transpose of v. In Einstein summation notation, this is written as 
Curl
The curl of a vector field is a vector function, with each point corresponding to the infinitesimal rotation of the original vector field at said point, with the direction of the vector being the axis 
Nth Term
The nth term is a formula that enables you to find any number in a sequence of numbers. For example: 
Myriagon
A myriagon, is a polygon with ten thousand sides, and cannot be visually distinguished from a circle. 
Littleo notation
Littleo notation is a notation representing the behavior of a limit of a function at a given value. The statement can be intuitively interpreted as saying that g(x) grows much faster than f 
Theta
Theta ( ) is a symbol used to denote the unknown measure of an angle. It is used mostly in displaying the trigonometric ratios of sine, cosine, and tangent. For example: This trigonometryrelated article contains minimal 
Total derivative
A total derivative of a multivariable function of several variables, each of which is a function of another argument, is the derivative of the function with respect to said argument. it is equal to the 
Absolute value
The absolute value of a number is its magnitude or distance from the origin. Absolute value is defined in real numbers and in complex numbers. The definition may also be extended to vectors, where absolute 
Number
There are a lot of different types of numbers. For example, the Natural numbers are 1,2,3,4,5, and so on, 3 digits: thousand 6 digits: million 9 digits: billion 12 digits: trillion 
Proof of Chebyshev's inequality
In English: "The probability that the outcome of an experiment with the random variable will fall more than standard deviations beyond the mean of,, is less than." Or: "The proportion of the total area under 
Secondary school mathematics
Secondary school mathematics consists of mathematics typically taught in middle schools (a.k.a., junior high schools) and high schools (or secondary schools) â€” that is, roughly ages 11â€“17. It is preceded by primary school 
Algebra of limits
The algebra of limits is a set of rules for how limits may be manipulated with other operators. If also and 
Unit number
The unit number is, in simplest terms, the basis upon which all other numbers are defined. In the real numbers (and all number systems contained within the reals), this unit is 1. 
Primary school mathematics
Primary school mathematics consists of mathematics taught in primary, or elementary, schools â€” that is, roughly ages 5â€“10. It is followed by secondary school mathematics. Note that the usage of the term primary education is
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