There are many academic disciplines and other areas of interest that are related to mathematics to varying degrees. Some of these are listed below.

**Accounting**— concerned with accurate bookkeeping and related matters; uses arithmetic and elementary algebra, but otherwise only tangentially related to mathematics itself**Computer science**— closely related to discrete mathematics**Economics**— uses many techniques of analysis, probability, statistics and decision theory**Finance**— uses techniques of elementary algebra and statistics; mathematics of finance is a subfield of applied mathematics**History of mathematics**— attempts to describe the development of mathematical ideas and techniques over human history**Information theory**—**Mathematical physics**— uses techniques of analysis, probability and statistics to study the structure and behavior of the universe**Mathematics education**— concerned with how people process, learn and understand mathematical information and the best ways to teach mathematics to students**Numerology**— uses numerals and elementary arithmetic, but no other connection to mathematics; in some ways, more like recreational mathematics**Operations research**—**Recreational mathematics**— includes games and puzzles**Systems theory**—